Question words are essential in language learning. If you look at little kids, they are awesome in this! We need question words to discover the world and also our new target language.
What are Finnish question words like?
In Finnish we use question words to ask certain types of questions. In English these words are often referred as WH-words. In Finnish we could call the question words MI-words, since many of them start with MI.
The most common question words are MIKÄ/MITÄ and MIKSI.
Table of all Finnish question words
Feel free to create your own question words with the help of sample question sentences below. If you need any help with these, don’t hesitate to book a private Skype class to learn Finnish or contact me.
Mikä sinun nimi on?
Mikä sinun ammatti on?
Mikä on Suomen pääkaupunki?
What is your name?
What is your profession?
What is Finland’s capital city?
How?/In what way?
What kind of?
Suljetut kysymykset – Closed Questions in Finnish
A closed question is a question that is looking for a yes or no answer, such as “Do you live in Finland?” To ask a question in this way in Finnish we simply add ko/kö to the end of the verb (and then put a question mark at the end of the sentence obviously). Here’s what I mean:Oletko (sinä) Suomalainen?
This means “Are you Finnish?”. If we remove the ko, it becomes a statement “You are Finnish”.
This process works in all of the tenses.
Here are some examples, first in the form of a statement, then in the form of a question:
Sinä harjoittelet suomea joka päivä. You practice Finnish every day.
Harjoitteletko suomea joka päivä? Do you practice Finnish every day?
Hän on käynyt Afrikassa. He’s been to Africa.
Onko hän käynyt Afrikassa? Has he been to Africa?Menit kouluun eilen. You went to school yesterday.
Menitkö kouluun eilen? Did you go to school yesterday?