Genetive

Genetiivi  The Genitive

The genitive case indicates to whom or what something belongs. Fist let’s look at the genitive forms of personal pronouns.
Perusmuoto
Minä
Sinä
Hän
Me
Te
He
Genetiivi
Minun
Sinun
Hänen
Meidän
Teidän
Heidän
In English
My / Mine
Your / Yours
His / Her / Hers
Our / Ours
Your / Yours
Their / Theirs


Now let’s look at some example sentences containing the genitive case.

Minun auto on punainen.
Tuo on minun punainen auto.
Onko tämä sinun kirja?
Mikä hänen nimi on?
Meidän opettaja on kotoisin Englannista.
Missä teidän äiti on?
Heidän tyttö on tosi söpö.


My car is red.
That is my red car.
Is this your book?
What is his name?
Our teacher is from England.
Where is your mother?
Their daughter is very cute.

The genitive case is indicated in Finnish by the letter n. We add the letter n to the stem of a word to create the genitive form. The stem of the word depends on the type of word. See the section entitled Nominityypit for more details. Here are some simple examples of basic words in the genitive case.

Perusmuoto
Talo
Koira
Nainen
Mies
Genetiivi
Talon
Koiran
Naisen
Miehen
Esimerkkilause
Talon etuovi on rikki.
Koiran korvat ovat pitkät.
Naisen mekko on kaunis.
Tuon miehen nimi on Esa.
Example sentence
The front door of the house is broken.
The dog’s ears are long.
The woman’s dress is beautiful.
That man’s name is Esa.

The genitive is used in other ways too, such as with the word kanssa meaning with